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Droit civil - L'enfant à naître

 

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="right" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 39.25pt;margin-bottom: 9.3pt;margin-left: 40.55pt;text-align: right;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 17.6pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;border: none;mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt;padding: 0cm;mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 0cm 0cm;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 11.35pt;margin-left: .5pt;text-align: center;line-height: 107%;border: none;mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt;padding: 0cm;mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 0cm 0cm;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:20.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:
11.0pt;line-height:107%">DROIT CIVIL </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 11.35pt;margin-left: .5pt;text-align: center;line-height: 107%;border: none;mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt;padding: 0cm;mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 0cm 0cm;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:20.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:
11.0pt;line-height:107%">L1 </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 4.6pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;border: none;mso-border-alt: solid black .5pt;padding: 0cm;mso-padding-alt: 0cm 0cm 0cm 0cm;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:
20.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%">FICHE N° 2 : L’ENFANT A
NAITRE </span></b></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.85pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 8.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;background: #5B9BD5;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="color:white">TABLE DES MATIERES </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 12.4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Partie 1 = Repères de cours
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3 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 34.05pt;text-indent: -23.05pt;mso-list: l9 level1 lfo1;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">I.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span></span><![endif]>La personnalité juridique du sujet
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3 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 34.05pt;text-indent: -23.05pt;mso-list: l9 level1 lfo1;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">II.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span></span><![endif]>La personnalité de l’enfant à naître ?
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4 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 12.45pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Partie 2 = Aide aux documents
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5 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 34.05pt;text-indent: -23.05pt;mso-list: l0 level1 lfo2;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">I.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span></span><![endif]>Fiches de jurisprudences
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 34.05pt;text-indent: -23.05pt;mso-list: l0 level1 lfo2;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">II.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span></span><![endif]>Exercice de synthèse
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7 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: 10.25pt;text-indent: -9.95pt;line-height: 187%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Partie 3 = Questions fréquentes ..............................................................................................................
12 La viabilité est-elle une notion en perte de vitesse ?
.......................................................................... 12 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Mis à part l’enfant à naître, existe-t-il des êtres
humains dépourvus de la personnalité juridique ?</p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span>...................................................................................................................................................................
12 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Quelle a été la consécration formelle de la dignité
en France ? ....................................................... 13 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Quelles sont les menaces qui pèsent sur l’enfant à
naître ? .............................................................. 13 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Partie 4 = Pour aller plus loin
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">CIV 1<sup><span style="font-size:10.5pt;mso-bidi-font-size:
11.0pt;line-height:111%">ère</span></sup> 06.02.08 (trois arrêts) =
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 21.6pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Thème :
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 21.6pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Faits :
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 21.6pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Procédure :
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 21.6pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Prétentions : .........................................................................................................................................
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 21.6pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Problème de droit :
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 21.6pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Solution de droit :
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Partie 5 = Quizz
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Questions
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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.5pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Réponses ..................................................................................................................................................
17 </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 14.7pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 8.0pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;background: #5B9BD5;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:white">PARTIE 1 = REPERES DE COURS </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Depuis l’époque romaine, le droit civil est
entièrement fondé sur une distinction fondamentale appelée « summa divisio » et
opposant la catégorie des personnes, les sujets de droit, à celle des choses,
les objets de droit. A l’époque Napoléonienne, les rédacteurs du code civil ont
décidé de reprendre cette distinction et d’articuler l’ensemble du code autour
de cette classification binaire.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">A l’heure où le débat sur la nature de l’enfant à
naître fait grand bruit, ne serait-il pas opportun de s’interroger sur la
pertinence de cette « summa divisio » et plus particulièrement sur la notion de
personne ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La personne envisagée par le droit
correspond à la personne juridique c'est-à-dire aux personnes physiques ou
morales titulaires de droits et d’obligations pour être acteurs sur la scène
juridique. Est une personne physique, tout être humain. </p>

<table class="TableGrid" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="593" style="width:444.55pt;margin-left:14.6pt;border-collapse:collapse;mso-yfti-tbllook:
1184;mso-padding-alt:4.5pt 5.75pt 0cm 0cm">
<tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes;
height:20.05pt">
<td width="29" valign="top" style="width:21.85pt;background:#DEEAF6;padding:4.5pt 5.75pt 0cm 0cm;
height:20.05pt">
<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: 4.45pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:
11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:
Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">I.</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Arial"> </span></p>
</td>
<td width="564" valign="top" style="width:422.7pt;background:#DEEAF6;padding:
4.5pt 5.75pt 0cm 0cm;height:20.05pt">
<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:
10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">LA PERSONNALITE
JURIDIQUE DU SUJET </span></p>
</td>
</tr>
</table>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La personnalité juridique est une création du droit
fondée sur le principe d’égalité civile entre tous les êtres humains. N’étant
pas définie par le code civil, elle est traditionnellement considérée comme «
une aptitude à être titulaire de droits et d’obligations ». La vie gouverne la
personnalité de son commencement à sa fin permettant ainsi à tout être humain
d’être une personne juridique dès sa naissance jusqu’à sa mort et ce depuis
l’abolition de l’esclavage.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’acquisition de la personnalité reste alors
subordonnée à deux conditions : une naissance en vie et une naissance viable.
En effet, tout être humain acquiert la personnalité à partir du moment où il
naît vivant et viable. La viabilité était à l’origine un critère traditionnel
défini comme « l’aptitude naturelle à vivre ». Aujourd’hui, elle est devenue un
critère technique avec le développement des progrès médicaux. L’organisation
mondiale de la santé fixe deux seuils de viabilité au choix : soit une durée de
gestation d’au moins 22 semaines d’aménorrhée soit un poids minimal de 500g.
Cette notion de viabilité tend à être de plus en plus discutée en raison son
caractère arbitraire dû à l’éventuel abaissement de ces seuils dans les années
à venir, facteur d’insécurité juridique. La naissance en vie, quant à elle, est
constatée grâce à la respiration postnatale de l’enfant. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Ce principe d’acquisition de la personnalité à la
naissance peut être cependant atténué par l’adage romain « infans conceptus pro
nato habetur de commodis ejus agitur». Il s’agit d’une fiction juridique
permettant de faire rétroagir la personnalité de l’enfant à naître à la date de
sa conception dès qu’il y va de son intérêt.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Une fois acquise, la personnalité permet de devenir un
sujet de droit titulaire de droits et d’obligations pour être acteur sur la
scène juridique grâce au bénéfice d’une capacité de jouissance et d’exercice. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 14.55pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: 19.55pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">II.</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Arial"> </span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">LA PERSONNALITE
DE L’ENFANT A NAITRE ? </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Les innovations médicales et scientifiques relancent
chaque jour le débat sur l’apparition, la nature et la destinée de l’embryon
humain. La réflexion sur le statut juridique de l’embryon, instaurée au cœur de
ce débat, a permis de faire émerger une interrogation quant à sa nature
juridique. L’enfant à naître, embryon ou fœtus, est-il une personne ?<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Appliquons le régime de la personnalité juridique à
l’embryon. Pour être sujet de droit, l’embryon doit naître vivant et viable
mais en application de la fiction de l’infans conceptus, il peut être titulaire
d’une personnalité dès sa conception s’il y va de son intérêt. Cette
personnalité anticipée permet ainsi à l’enfant à naître d’avoir une vocation à
succéder et à hériter (articles 725, 902 et 906 du code civil) même si
l’exercice de celle-ci est suspendu à sa naissance vivante et viable.
Cependant, malgré sa capacité de jouissance, l’embryon n’a ni capacité
d’exercice ni obligation.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’enfant à naître ne peut donc pas être considéré
comme une personne juridique, sujet de droits. Face à cette personnalité
incomplète, le doyen Carbonnier a qualifié l’enfant à naître de « non sujet de
droit », expression célèbre permettant de contourner la dichotomie sujet /
objet. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La question clé qui s’est par la suite posée est celle
de la protection de l’enfant à naître. Le défaut de personnalité juridique de
l’embryon peut-il l’empêcher d’être considéré comme un être à protéger ?
Personnalité juridique et existence humaine coïncident-elles automatiquement ?<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.0pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 114%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Contrairement
à ce que certains voudraient laisser penser, existence humaine et personnalité
juridique correspondent à deux réalités différentes qui ne se superposent pas
toujours. En effet, toute personne juridique n’est pas forcément un être humain
(ex : personne morale) et tout être humain n’est pas obligatoirement une
personne juridique (ex : embryon / fœtus). A côté des êtres humains sujets de
droits cohabitent des êtres humains non-sujets de droit, tel que
l’embryon.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.85pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 8.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;background: #5B9BD5;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="color:white">PARTIE 2 = AIDE AUX DOCUMENTS </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<table class="TableGrid" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="593" style="width:444.55pt;margin-left:14.6pt;border-collapse:collapse;mso-yfti-tbllook:
1184;mso-padding-alt:4.5pt 5.75pt 0cm 0cm">
<tr style="mso-yfti-irow:0;mso-yfti-firstrow:yes;mso-yfti-lastrow:yes;
height:20.05pt">
<td width="29" valign="top" style="width:21.85pt;background:#DEEAF6;padding:4.5pt 5.75pt 0cm 0cm;
height:20.05pt">
<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: 4.45pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:
11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:
Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">I.</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Arial"> </span></p>
</td>
<td width="564" valign="top" style="width:422.7pt;background:#DEEAF6;padding:
4.5pt 5.75pt 0cm 0cm;height:20.05pt">
<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:
10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">FICHES DE
JURISPRUDENCES </span></p>
</td>
</tr>
</table>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 11.1pt;margin-left: 19.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 330.75pt;margin-bottom: .0001pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 197%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">CIV 1</b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><sup><span style="font-size:10.5pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:197%">ère</span></sup> 10.12.85 = </b><u style="text-underline:black">Thème :</u><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 343.35pt;margin-bottom: .1pt;margin-left: .8pt;line-height: 186%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’infans conceptus <u style="text-underline:
black">Faits :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">M. Y a souscrit une assurance vie garantissant le
paiement d’un capital, en cas de décès, majoré en fonction du nombre d’enfant à
charge vivant au foyer de l’assuré. M. Y déclare Mme Y et à défaut ses enfants,
comme bénéficiaire de l’assurance. Juste après le décès de M.Y, Mme Y accouche
de jumeaux. Elle perçoit le versement du capital sans que celui-ci n’ait été
majoré. Selon la compagnie d’assurance, les enfants n’étaient pas encore nés
lors du décès donc ils n’étaient pas à la charge du foyer.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Solution de droit =</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’enfant conçu est réputé né dès qu’il y va de son
intérêt. En cas de naissance en vie et viable alors l’acquisition de la
personnalité juridique est rétroactive à la date de conception de l’enfant. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">CASSATION. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">ASS. PLE 29.06.01 = </b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Thème :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’atteinte involontaire à la vie de l’embryon </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Faits :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">M. Y provoque un accident de la route en heurtant le
véhicule de Mme X, enceinte de 6 mois. Blessée, elle perd son enfant à la suite
du choc et décide de poursuivre M. Y pour homicide involontaire. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Solution de droit :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le principe de légalité des délits et des peines
impose une interprétation stricte de la loi pénale et s’oppose à ce que
l’incrimination d’homicide involontaire de l’article 221-6 du code pénal ne
soit étendue à l’enfant à naître. REJET. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">CRIM 02.12.03 = </b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Thème :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’atteinte involontaire à la vie de l’embryon </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Faits :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Mme Y a été très gravement blessée à la suite d’un
accident de la circulation. A la suite d’une césarienne, elle donne naissance à
un enfant qui décède quelques minutes après des séquelles subies.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Solution de droit :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le fait de causer la mort d’un enfant après sa
naissance, à cause de lésions subies avant sa naissance, constitue un homicide
involontaire, incriminé par l’article 221-6 du code pénal. REJET. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">CEDH 08.07.04 « Vo C/ France » = </b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Thème :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le droit à la vie de l’embryon </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Faits :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">A la suite d’une confusion de dossiers médicaux, un
médecin, pensant devoir retirer un stérilet sur une patiente, provoque en
réalité une interruption involontaire de grossesse à une patiente enceinte
venue simplement consulter. La patiente saisit la Cour Européenne des droits de
l’homme au nom du respect de la vie privée de l’enfant à naître issu de
l’article 2 de la CEDH. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Solution de droit =</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Il est ni souhaitable ni même possible de répondre
actuellement à la question de savoir si l’enfant à naître est une personne au
sens de l’article 2 de la CEDH. En l’absence de consensus, le point de départ
du droit à la vie dépend de la marge d’appréciation de chaque état dont
l’obligation est d’assurer la protection de la vie.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La Cour européenne écarte donc la question de la
nature de l’embryon en refusant de dire si l’enfant à naître peut ou non être
bénéficiaire de l’article 2 de la CEDH proclamant le « droit de toute personne
à la vie doit être protégé ».<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">CAA de Douai 06.12.05 = </b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Thème :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’atteinte involontaire à la vie de l’embryon et
préjudice des parents </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Faits :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Un incident technique a causé la perte des embryons
congelés des époux X qui intentent alors une action pour rechercher la
responsabilité du centre hospitalier et pour réparer le préjudice subi au titre
de leur perte de chance d’être parents.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Solution :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">A défaut de projet parental, les embryons congelés ne
sont pas des êtres humains. Donc, la perte de ces embryons ne permet pas
l’indemnisation du préjudice des époux.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 14.45pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: 19.55pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">II.</span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Arial"> </span><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">EXERCICE DE
SYNTHESE </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 1.8pt;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: center;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">La portée et les
limites de l’article 16 du code civil </b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Enoncé de l’article 16 :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.1pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:12.5pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%">« La loi
assure la primauté de la personne, interdit toute atteinte à la dignité de
celle-ci et garantit le respect de l’être humain dès le commencement de sa vie
»</span></b>.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Consigne :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Votre synthèse doit être structurée autour d’un plan
binaire logique en deux parties ayant chacune deux sous parties. Vous devrez au
cours de l’exercice confronter les notions d’être humain et de personne ainsi
que comparer la garantie du respect de l’être humain avec celle du respect du
droit à la vie. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Conseils :</u><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Au brouillon, faites un tableau dans lequel vous notez
toutes les informations essentielles tirées de chacun des documents proposés.
Confrontez ensuite les idées afin de rapprocher celles qui se ressemblent ou au
contraire qui s’opposent afin de faire ressortir les différentes parties sur
lesquelles vous allez articuler votre synthèse.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Votre synthèse doit être présentée comme une mini
dissertation avec quelques lignes introductives dans lesquelles vous
présenterez le sujet puis avec le développement où le plan sera apparent. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><u style="text-underline:black">Pistes de réflexion :</u> </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<h1 style="margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-priority: 9;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;mso-style-link: &quot;Titre 1 Car&quot;;mso-style-next: Normal;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 107%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan lines-together;page-break-after: avoid;mso-outline-level: 1;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;mso-font-kerning: 0pt;mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;text-underline: single;text-decoration: underline;">Eléments introductifs =<span style="text-decoration:
none;text-underline:none"> </span></h1>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Dans quel contexte a été rédigé l’article 16 du code
civil ?<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Adoption des premières lois de bioéthique en 1994 avec
inscription de l’article 16 dans le code civil. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Entrée de nouvelles notions dans le code civil :
personne, être humain, dignité, commencement de vie mais aucune définition
n’est posée par le législateur donc, consécration à la fois réelle de concepts
essentiels mais aussi relative à défaut de qualification.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.9pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<h1 style="margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-priority: 9;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;mso-style-link: &quot;Titre 1 Car&quot;;mso-style-next: Normal;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 107%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan lines-together;page-break-after: avoid;mso-outline-level: 1;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;mso-font-kerning: 0pt;mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;text-underline: single;text-decoration: underline;">Eléments concernant la portée de l’article 16 du
code civil =<span style="text-decoration:none;text-underline:none"> </span></h1>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Distinction dans l’article 16 entre l’être humain et
la personne. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">A quelles réalités renvoient la personne et l’être
humain? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La personne est considérée en droit comme la personne
juridique c'est-à-dire le sujet de droit étant titulaire de la personnalité. La
personnalité est acquise en droit dès la naissance sous conditions d’être né en
vie et viable. Néanmoins, la personnalité peut être attribuée rétroactivement
dès la conception à l’enfant à naître s’il y va de son intérêt (cf. infans
conceptus = facteur de légitimité de la protection de l’enfant conçu). Donc, la
personnalité est dépendante du critère de la viabilité. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’être humain correspond à tout être vivant
appartenant au genre humain. Quel est alors le commencement de la vie ? Il est
admis que la vie débute dès la conception et plus particulièrement dès la
fécondation et elle se développe en continue jusqu’à la naissance. Si elle est
continue et qu’elle est transmise, pourquoi chercher un point de départ ou un
commencement ? Donc, l’existence humaine est quant à elle liée au critère de la
vie. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">A quelle valeur est rattachée chacune des notions ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La personne est protégée par la garantie de sa dignité
alors que l’être humain est protégé par la garantie de son respect. Le respect
serait à l’être humain ce que la dignité est à la personne. Donc, opposition
aussi entre respect et dignité.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Quel est le rôle de la loi ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La loi est chargée d’assurer la primauté de la
personne. Pour y arriver, elle prévoit d’interdire et donc de sanctionner toute
atteinte à sa dignité. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Cependant, la loi énonce garantir le respect de l’être
humain dès le commencement de sa vie mais elle ne prévoit rien du tout dans
l’article 16 pour s’y engager.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La dignité de la personne serait-elle intangible
contrairement au respect de l’être humain ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<h1 style="margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-priority: 9;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;mso-style-link: &quot;Titre 1 Car&quot;;mso-style-next: Normal;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 107%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan lines-together;page-break-after: avoid;mso-outline-level: 1;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;mso-font-kerning: 0pt;mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;text-underline: single;text-decoration: underline;">Eléments concernant les limites de l’article 16 =<span style="text-decoration:none;text-underline:none"> </span></h1>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’article 16 énonce que « la loi assure la primauté de
la personne, interdit toute atteinte à la dignité de celle-ci et garantit le
respect de l’être humain dès le commencement de sa vie ». </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Quid du droit à la vie de l’être humain ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Article 2 de la CEDH : « le droit de toute personne à
la vie est protégée par la loi ». </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.0pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 114%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le
bénéficiaire du droit à la vie est la personne selon le droit européen alors
que pour le droit civil français, le bénéficiaire du droit à la vie est l’être
humain selon l’article 16 du code civil. Donc, qui doit être visé par ce droit
à la vie ? La personne ? L’être humain ?<span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’embryon peut-il être protégé par ce droit à la vie ?
Si la réponse à cette dernière question est positive, on peut légitimement
déduire que l’embryon est une personne au sens de la CEDH. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Donc, confusion réelle entre les notions à défaut de
définition. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Quel est le commencement de la vie de l’être humain ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Aucune précision n’est apportée sur ce commencement de
la vie donc à partir de quand le respect de l’être humain est-il garanti ?
Respect dès la conception, dès un seuil de développement, dès la naissance ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Incohérence légale : </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Dès le commencement de sa vie, l’être humain doit être
respecté. Ainsi, la loi s’engage à sanctionner toute atteinte à l’encontre de
l’existence humaine. A partir du moment où l’enfant à naître est considéré
comme un être humain, il doit être protégé dès le commencement de sa vie. Or,
il est admis quasi unanimement que la vie est présente dès la fécondation. Par
conséquent, l’enfant à naître, embryon ou fœtus, doit être bénéficiaire d’un
respect assuré par la loi dès sa conception. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Comment alors justifier que la jurisprudence pénale ne
sanctionne pas l’atteinte involontaire à la vie de l’enfant à naître ? Etant un
être humain, il doit être protégé même pendant la période prénatale à partir du
moment où il est vivant donc toute atteinte dont il est victime devrait être
sanctionnée.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’absence de personnalité civile ne peut pas empêcher
de protéger l’enfant à naître. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La personnalité civile ne doit pas devenir une
condition de la protection pénale de l’humain.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Remarque sur l’article 221-6 du code pénal : </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Article 221-6 inscrit dans la section « des atteintes
à la vie », elle-même insérée dans le titre « des atteintes à la personne
humaine », lui-même étant dans le livre « crimes et délits contre les personnes
». Donc, l’article 221-6 du code pénal serait chargé de sanctionner l’homicide
involontaire d’une personne humaine, vu son emplacement dans le code.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">« Autrui » serait une personne humaine donc pour
pouvoir appliquer l’incrimination de l’homicide involontaire de l’article 221-6
à l’enfant à naître, il faut qu’il soit considéré comme une personne humaine.
Or, l’article 16 du code civil ne parle que de la personne juridique et de
l’être humain mais pas de la personne humaine. On pourrait donc étendre la
notion d’être humain à celle de personne humaine et ainsi, la loi pénale
pourrait être applicable à l’enfant à naître. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Enfin, la personnalité juridique ne coïncide pas
toujours avec l’existence humaine. Tout être humain n’est pas une personne
juridique et toute personne juridique n’est pas un être humain. Donc, personne
(au sens du droit) et être humain sont deux notions qui peuvent parfois
seulement se superposées. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Quelle est l’étendue du respect garanti par la loi à
l’être humain ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le respect dû à l’être humain n’est pas absolu. En
effet, plusieurs atteintes au respect de l’être humain sont encadrées par la
loi. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Exemple : IVG avec les dispositions de la loi Veil,
embryons in vitro avec la possibilité de manipulation, de diagnostic
préimplantatoire, recherche possible sur les embryons… </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Donc contrairement à la dignité qui apparaît comme une
valeur intrinsèque et intangible, le respect dû à l’être humain ne serait que
relatif. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Donc hiérarchie entre la personne et l’être humain
faite dans l’article 16 du code civil ? </p>

<h1 style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.8pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-priority: 9;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;mso-style-link: &quot;Titre 1 Car&quot;;mso-style-next: Normal;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 107%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan lines-together;page-break-after: avoid;mso-outline-level: 1;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;mso-font-kerning: 0pt;mso-bidi-font-weight: normal;text-underline: single;text-decoration: underline;">Idée de plan détaillé =<span style="text-decoration:none;text-underline:
none"> </span></h1>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 13.25pt;margin-left: 19.55pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">1.<span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Arial"> </span>La portée de l’article 16 du code civil </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 13.15pt;margin-left: 36.45pt;text-indent: -17.4pt;mso-list: l4 level1 lfo3;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">A.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Le
passage de l’être humain à la personne (vie / viabilité) </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 13.25pt;margin-left: 36.45pt;text-indent: -17.4pt;mso-list: l4 level1 lfo3;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">B.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>La
protection juridique de l’être humain et la personne (respect / dignité) </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 13.25pt;margin-left: 19.55pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">2.<span style="font-family:&quot;Arial&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Arial"> </span>Les limites de l’article 16 du code
civil </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .2pt;margin-left: 36.45pt;text-indent: -17.4pt;mso-list: l6 level1 lfo4;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">A.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>L’enfant
à naître et le droit à la vie (commencement de sa vie / article 2 CEDH) </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 3.9pt;margin-left: 1.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 36.45pt;text-indent: -17.4pt;mso-list: l6 level1 lfo4;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">B.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Le
respect de l’enfant à naître (art.221-6 du code pénal / respect relatif) </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;margin-left: 37.05pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Attention, pour que ce plan soit cohérent et pour
qu’il réponde à votre sujet, il faut impérativement arriver à cerner les
nuances du thème qui est proposé à votre étude. Ne vous inspirez pas des
intitulés de ce plan s’ils n’évoquent rien pour vous à la fin de l’étude de vos
documents et si vous ne savez pas comment remplir les différentes parties.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

</div>

<span style="font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:111%;
font-family:&quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family:
Garamond;color:black;mso-ansi-language:FR;mso-fareast-language:FR;mso-bidi-language:
AR-SA"><br clear="all" style="page-break-before:always;mso-break-type:section-break">
</span>

<div class="WordSection2" style="page: WordSection2;">

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;color:white">PARTIE 3 = QUESTIONS FREQUENTES </span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 12.9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">LA VIABILITE EST-ELLE UNE NOTION EN PERTE DE
VITESSE ? </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La viabilité est une notion exigée à la naissance d’un
enfant pour qu’il puisse acquérir la personnalité juridique. L’enfant sera
réputé être un sujet de droit dès lors qu’il est né vivant et viable. Le code
civil fait référence à cette notion sans y attacher la moindre définition.
C’est pourquoi, il est d’usage de définir la viabilité comme « l’aptitude
naturelle du nouveau né à vivre ». Traditionnellement, deux critères se
combinaient : la maturité appréciée en fonction du développement des organes et
le poids du fœtus établi en fonction de l’ossification. Depuis 1993,
l’organisation mondiale de la santé à proposer de qualifier l’enfant viable à
partir de 22 semaines d’aménorrhée ou d’un poids de 500g. Par l’intermédiaire
de la présomption légale de conception imposée par l’article 311 du code civil,
un enfant est présumé viable à partir de 180 jours après la conception. Mais
cette viabilité est une notion très délicate amenant certains auteurs à
s’interroger sur son efficacité ainsi que sur sa légitimité. Les progrès
constants de la médecine nous prouvent que les seuils de viabilité pourront
être abaissés dans les prochaines années, permettant à des enfants nés très
prématurés de vivre. Facteur d’insécurité juridique, son appréciation reste
encore incertaine et son contenu demeure variable ce qui justifierait sa
suppression future dans le code civil français. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.0pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">MIS A PART L’ENFANT A NAITRE, EXISTE-T-IL DES
ETRES HUMAINS DEPOURVUS DE LA PERSONNALITE JURIDIQUE ? </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .35pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’existence humaine et la personnalité juridique sont
deux réalités qui ne se superposent pas toujours. Tout être humain n’est pas
forcément une personne juridique et inversement. Deux cas peuvent être
présentés pour illustrer cette idée : l’absent et l’esclave.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’absence en droit est l’état de la personne dont on
ne sait pas si elle est vivante ou morte, celle-ci ayant cessé de se présenter
à son domicile depuis un certain temps sans donner de nouvelle. Au bout de 10
ans, l’absence est déclarée par jugement et ses effets sont ceux d’un acte de
décès ordinaire. L’absent, considéré comme « mort », perd sa personnalité
juridique. Mais s’il est encore vivant, il demeure malgré tout un être humain.
Ajoutons alors un second exemple. L’esclavage permettait à des personnes d’être
propriétaires d’un esclave, travaillant sans aucune rémunération et vivant sans
aucune liberté. L’esclave était un être humain comme son maître mais il était
privé de la personnalité juridique. Son abolition a permis heureusement
d’éviter de traiter à nouveau un être humain comme une véritable chose.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.0pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;
mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;
mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">QUELLE A ETE LA
CONSECRATION FORMELLE DE LA DIGNITE EN FRANCE ? </span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .35pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le concept de dignité a été introduit en droit français
avec les premières lois bioéthiques de 1994 au sein de l’article 16 du code
civil. Cette consécration associe la dignité à la notion de personne.
Contrairement à l’être humain, la personne serait digne. La dignité apparaît
comme une valeur intrinsèque inhérente à la nature humaine. Très vite, la
dignité va devenir une norme de référence autonome, une valeur cadre pour
distinguer le licite de l’illicite. La sauvegarde de la dignité de la personne
humaine devient même un principe à valeur constitutionnel le 27.07.94. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 12.9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">QUELLES SONT LES MENACES QUI PESENT SUR L’ENFANT
A NAITRE ? </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .35pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Les avancées de la science, les progrès de la médecine,
l’évolution de la société, la libéralisation des mœurs, l’augmentation des
libertés individuelles sont autant de facteurs qui multiplient chaque jour
davantage les agressions subies par l’enfant à naître. Cette
instrumentalisation de la vie anténatale réduit l’enfant à naître à une
vulgaire chose. En effet, la première menace subie par l’embryon provient de sa
mère qui, depuis la loi Veil de 1975, peut avorter sans risquer d’être
poursuivie pénalement. Le droit à la vie de l’embryon dépendrait donc de la
volonté de la mère de garder l’enfant ou non. Puis, le développement de
l’assistance médicale à la procréation comme moyen de lutte contre
l’infertilité, a permis la conception d’embryon in vitro<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span>c'est-à-dire en dehors du corps maternel.
Cette extériorisation de la fécondation a rendu possible toute manipulation sur
l’embryon, que ce soit par les médecins de la reproduction ou par les
chercheurs. Autrefois protégé dans le corps de sa mère, l’enfant à naître peut
aujourd’hui être congelé, trié, sélectionné, implanté, donné et bien pire
encore, détruit. Il est donc plus qu’urgent de légiférer pour doter l’enfant à
naître d’un statut juridique protecteur.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> 
</span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="color:white">PARTIE
4 = POUR ALLER PLUS LOIN </span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.35pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></b></p>

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mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">CIV 1<sup>ERE</sup> 06.02.08 (TROIS ARRETS) = </span></p>

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color:#1F4D78">THEME :<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 1.9pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’acte d’enfant sans vie et la viabilité </p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 6.75pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:#1F4D78">FAITS : </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Trois femmes ont du accoucher d’un fœtus sans vie
entre 18 semaines et 21 semaines d’aménorrhée. </p>

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400, 286 et 155 grammes.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 6.75pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:#1F4D78">PROCEDURE : </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">N’ayant pu effectuer de déclaration à l’état civil,
chacun des couples saisit le Tribunal de grande instance afin d’obtenir
l’établissement par l’officier d’état civil d’un acte d’enfant sans vie. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Dans son jugement du 09.12.03, la juridiction de
première instance déboute les parties en demande. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Les parties, appelantes, interjettent appel à
l’encontre de ce jugement. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le 17.05.05, la CA de Nîmes confirme le jugement rendu
par le TGI. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 2.0pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Chacun des couples forme alors un pourvoi en cassation.
</p>

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 6.75pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:#1F4D78">PRETENTIONS : </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’arrêt attaqué refuse d’appliquer l’article 79-1 du
code civil permettant l’établissement d’un acte d’enfant sans vie au motif que
les seuils de viabilité de l’OMS (22 SA ou 500g) n’étaient pas atteints par les
fœtus. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le moyen au pourvoi considère que l’acte d’enfant sans
vie peut être rédigé dès lors que l’être a atteint un développement suffisant
pour pouvoir espérer une vie autonome. Les seuils de viabilité retenus sont
arbitraires et incertains vue l’évolution des données de la science. </p>

</div>

<span style="font-size:12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:111%;
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</span>

<div class="WordSection3" style="page: WordSection3;">

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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 6.75pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:#1F4D78">PROBLEME DE DROIT : </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 1.95pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’établissement d’un acte d’enfant sans vie doit il
être subordonné à des critères de viabilité tels que la durée de la grossesse
ou encore le poids du fœtus ? </p>

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style='mso-spacerun:yes'> </span>SHAPE <span
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<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 6.75pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:#1F4D78">SOLUTION DE DROIT : </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">Le 06.02.08, la première chambre civile de la Cour de
cassation rend trois arrêts de cassation avec annulation totale des
dispositions de l’arrêt attaqué et elle renvoie les affaires devant la Cour
d’appel de Nîmes autrement composée. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">L’établissement d’un acte d’enfant sans vie (art. 79-1
alinéa 2 du code civil) ne dépend d’aucun seuil de viabilité du fœtus que ce
soit de la durée de la grossesse ou encore de son poids.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">La CA a exigé, sans raison, des conditions pour
l’applicabilité de ce texte. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span><br clear="all" style="mso-special-character:
line-break;page-break-before:always">
</p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 14.7pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></span></b></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 8.0pt;margin-left: .8pt;text-align: left;line-height: 107%;background: #5B9BD5;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;line-height:107%;font-family:
&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri;
color:white">PARTIE 5 = QUIZZ<b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"> </b></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.85pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:107%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">QUESTIONS </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 88.55pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">1. La personnalité juridique permet-elle d’obtenir que
la capacité d’exercice ? a) oui </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">b) non </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 73.1pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">2. Quel auteur classe les êtres entre les sujets de
droit et les non sujets de droit ? a) Cornu </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l2 level1 lfo5;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">b)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Carbonnier
</p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l2 level1 lfo5;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">c)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Cabrillac
</p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">3. A partir de quel moment la personnalité est-elle
acquise ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l8 level1 lfo6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">a)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>La
conception </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .5pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l8 level1 lfo6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">b)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>La
viabilité </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l8 level1 lfo6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">c)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>La
naissance </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">4. Quels sont les critères généralement admis pour
apprécier la viabilité ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l3 level1 lfo7;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">a)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
durée de gestation et un poids </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .5pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l3 level1 lfo7;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">b)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
durée de gestation et une maturité </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l3 level1 lfo7;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">c)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
autonomie et une ossification suffisante </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .35pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">5. Marie, enceinte de 6 mois, est renversée sur un
passage piéton par un chauffard complètement ivre. Gravement blessée, elle est
prise en charge à l’hôpital le plus proche. Le médecin de garde programme une
césarienne car l’enfant qu’elle porte a subi un grand traumatisme, obstacle à
la poursuite de toute grossesse. Malheureusement, l’enfant naît mort de ses
blessures. Marie décide alors de poursuivre le chauffard pour homicide
involontaire. Son action a-t-elle des chances d’aboutir ? a) oui </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">b) non </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">6. À la suite de négligences médicales lors du suivi
d’une grossesse, un enfant naît vivant mais décède quelques heures après
l’accouchement. Les parents de l’enfant souhaitent agir en justice contre le
médecin, que leurs conseillez vous ? a) une action en responsabilité civile </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l5 level1 lfo8;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">b)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
action pour homicide involontaire </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .5pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l5 level1 lfo8;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">c)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
action pour blessures involontaires </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .35pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">7. L’adage de l’infans conceptus permet-il à l’enfant à
naître d’être sujet de droit avant la naissance ? a) oui </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .5pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">b) non </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">8. Quelles sont les deux conditions d’acquisition de la
personnalité ? </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .5pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l7 level1 lfo9;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">a)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
naissance et une bonne santé </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l7 level1 lfo9;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">b)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
naissance vivante et une volonté d’être sujet </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: 12.9pt;text-indent: -12.6pt;mso-list: l7 level1 lfo9;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">c)<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>une
naissance vivante et une viabilité </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .3pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">9. A cours de sa grossesse, Charlotte est victime d’une
fausse couche à 19 semaines d’aménorrhée. Elle souhaite avec son mari faire
établir par l’officier d’état civil un acte d’enfant sans vie mais celui-ci
refuse. Ce refus est-il légitime ? a) oui </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .5pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">b) non </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 48.2pt;margin-bottom: .45pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">10. Un enfant à naître peut-il être considéré comme un
héritier dans une succession ? a) oui </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: .4pt;margin-left: .8pt;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;">b) non </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 13.0pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 9.35pt;margin-left: -.25pt;text-align: left;line-height: 111%;background: #DEEAF6;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;text-indent: -.5pt;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="font-size:10.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:11.0pt;
line-height:111%;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,sans-serif;mso-fareast-font-family:Calibri;
mso-bidi-font-family:Calibri">REPONSES<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">1.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>NON,
la personnalité juridique est l’aptitude à être titulaire de droits et de
devoirs donc elle permet d’acquérir à la fois une capacité de jouissance mais
aussi une capacité d’exercice. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">2.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Le
célèbre professeur Carbonnier est à l’origine de la distinction sujet / non
sujet. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">3.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>La
personnalité est par principe acquise à la naissance sauf en cas de
rétroactivité de la personnalité à la conception pour l’enfant à naître dès
qu’il y va d son intérêt. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">4.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Les
critères d’appréciation de la viabilité sont une durée de gestation et un poids
minimal de l’enfant. Les critères retenus par l’OMS sont 22 semaines
d’aménorrhée ou 500 grammes. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">5.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Non,
l’action de Marie risque de ne pas aboutir vue la position de la jurisprudence
sur ces questions d’atteinte à la vie du fœtus. En effet, il est admis
aujourd’hui que le fœtus ne peut pas être victime d’un homicide involontaire
sur le fondement de l’interprétation stricte de la loi pénale. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">6.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>L’enfant
est né vivant puisqu’il a respiré mais il est mort après des négligences
médicales ayant provoqué des séquelles in utero. Les parents peuvent agir sur
le fondement de l’homicide involontaire ainsi que sur le domaine de la
responsabilité civile s’ils arrivent à prouver le lien de causalité entre la
faute du médecin et la mort de l’enfant. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">7.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>OUI,
l’enfant à naître peut bénéficier de la personnalité avant sa naissance grâce à
l’infans conceptus qui permet d’anticiper la personnalité à la conception si
c’est dans l’intérêt de l’enfant. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">8.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>Les
deux conditions d’acquisition de la personnalité sont une naissance en vie et
une naissance viable. </p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">9.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><![endif]>NON,
le refus de l’officier d’état civil n’est pas légitime car depuis le décret du
22.08.08, issu des arrêts du 06.02.08, l’établissement d’un acte d’enfant sans
vie n’est plus conditionné par le critère de viabilité de l’enfant.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 2.25pt;margin-bottom: 10.3pt;margin-left: 11.55pt;text-indent: -11.25pt;mso-list: l1 level1 lfo10;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-align: justify;text-justify: inter-ideograph;line-height: 111%;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><![if !supportLists]><span style="mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;line-height:111%"><span style="mso-list:Ignore">10.<span style="font:7.0pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;
</span></span></span><![endif]>OUI, l’enfant à naître peut être héritier et
avoir une vocation successorale dès que son intérêt est mis en jeu.<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">  </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.85pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .8pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: .9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.75pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-bottom: 10.9pt;margin-left: 0cm;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

<p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="margin: 0cm;margin-bottom: .0001pt;text-align: left;text-indent: 0cm;line-height: 107%;mso-style-unhide: no;mso-style-qformat: yes;mso-style-parent: &quot;&quot;;margin-top: 0cm;margin-right: 0cm;margin-left: 1.55pt;text-justify: inter-ideograph;mso-pagination: widow-orphan;font-size: 12.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt;font-family: &quot;Garamond&quot;,serif;mso-fareast-font-family: Garamond;mso-bidi-font-family: Garamond;color: black;"><span style="mso-spacerun:yes"> </span></p>

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